THE SHORT ANSWER
LGBTQ identity varies according to the definition used, specifically whether one is referring to self identity, attraction, sexual behavior, relationships, gender identity, gender expression and/or conformation to gender roles. Most studies worldwide estimate that about 3-14% of the population identify as LGBTQ.
THE LONG ANSWER
Background: In the late 1940s the pioneering sexologist Alfred Kinsey, reported that 10 percent of men were homosexual. Since that time there have been many surveys to determine actual numbers.
According to a Gallup Polls in 2012 there were 8.3 million LGB people, 3.5% of the population, this increased to 10.52 million people, 4.1% of the population by 2016.
When we look at the percentage of LGBT people according to their generation there is a notable difference, as people become more comfortable and willing to identify the number begins to approach the 10%. The following are results of a Gallup Poll in 2016 Millennials (1980-1998) 7.3%* Generation X (1965-1979) 3.2% Baby boomers (1946-1964) 2.4% Traditionalists (1913-1945) 1.4% * The increase is attributed to a generation that has grown up in a more accepting environment. Release Date: January 11, 2017
Gallup World Headquarters, 901 F Street, Washington, D.C., 20001, U.S.A+1 202.715.3030
Why is it so difficult to get demographics of sexual orientation and gender identity?
There have been multiple surveys taken by various organizations since the late 1940s. Worldwide studies estimate that about three to 14 percent of the population identify as LGBTQ.
The lack of uniformity in results can be attributed to various reasons:
- Respondents fear being judged in face to face interviews.
- Respondents fear being stigmatized/discriminated against if their identity is known.
- The survey is written with a particular result in mind.
- The population chosen to take the survey is skewed to produce desired results.
- The sample size (number of participants) is too small.
- Surveys are not consistent.
- Stigmatized topics are avoided.
Surveys are not to be used to prove a point but to learn the truth. If a survey is large, diverse, consistent, complete, anonymous, and repeated over time, the results will be more aligned with other surveys.
When it comes to LGBTQ surveys they need to include the following: Self Identity, Behavior, Attraction, Relationships, Gender Identity, Gender Expression, and Non-Conformity to Gender Norms.
Social acceptance will afford a greater willingness to publicly identity as LGBTQ.
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